Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs)
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs), including filoviruses (Ebola or Marburg), arenaviruses (like Lassa or Machupo), bunyviruses (like Crimen-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Rift Vally Fever, and Flaviviruses (like Dengue or Yellow Fever) generally affect multiple organ systems in the body.
Symptoms vary by the specific virus, but generally include abrupt onset of fever, muscle aches, fatigue, and often diarrhea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. While some types of hemorrhagic fever viruses can cause relatively mild illnesses, many of these viruses cause severe, life-threatening disease. In severe cases bruising or hemorrhage (bleeding) may occur.
Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs)
Fact sheet, translated into 11 languages, answering the basic questions: How can you get tularemia? How is it treated? Can it be prevented?
- Viral Hemorrhagic
CDC information on viral hemorrhagic fevers, including symptoms, transmission and treatment.
- Reporting Viral hemorrhagic fever (including but not limited to Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever)
Viral hemorrhagic fever (including but not limited to Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever) must be reported to MDH immediately 24 hours a day, seven days a week.