Necrotizing Fasciitis - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis is sometimes referred to as a "flesh-eating" infection and is the result of a bacterial infection that may develop after surgery, or after minor trauma such as a cut, scrape, burn, or insect bite.

It is an uncommon, but serious condition that requires immediate medical intervention.

Bacterial species


  • Symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis include (but are not limited to):
    • rapid onset of severe pain and swelling,
    • fever,
    • and redness at the site of the injury.

    Symptoms can be less significant in early stages of the disease but rapidly progress.

  • Necrotizing fasciitis is reported in half of patients with streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome, or STSS.  This illness is characterized by the presence of multiple symptoms:
    • chills,
    • fever or hypothermia and shock,
    • confusion,
    • vomiting,
    • diarrhea,
    • tachycardia,
    • hypotension and multi-organ failure.

More About Necrotizing Fasciitis

For Health Professionals

All cases of Group A Streptococcus that result in necrotizing fasciitis are reportable to the Minnesota Department of Health.

Updated Tuesday, 08-Feb-2022 09:38:27 CST